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Clinical Trials: Dental, Including Mouth
IRB No. 07-016-1 (Dr. Martin Freilich, PI): Osteoporosis and bone augmentation/implant outcomes: An observational study
The objective of this study is to utilize a clinical study model to collect descriptive data needed to support the development of future studies that will test the association between specific measures of bone health and the successful integration of new bone from bone augmentation procedures. Postmenopausal women with a wide range of bone health and reduced jaw bone thickness will receive bone augmentation therapy followed by implant and restoration placement, with the specific treatment based upon best clinical judgment. Throughout initial diagnosis, treatment and follow-up, blood makrers will be drawn to assess bone health and its possible association with treatment outcomes. Outcomes will be based upon clinical and radiographic examination, bone health markers and patient interviews.
IRB No. 10-051-3 (Dr. Thomas Taylor, PI): Short-implants – An Alternative To Bone Grafting
The purpose of this trial is to compare two techniques for implant placement into the posterior upper jaw. One technique involves bone grafting and the use of larger implants (11, 13 or 15 mm implants); the other will invoke the of a very short implant (6 mm) and thus avoid the need of bone grafting of the sinus. The primary objective is to compare implant survival rate. Secondary objectives are to evaluate: marginal bone level (MBL) alterations; condition of periimplant mucosa, crown-to-implant ratio; the resource us and costs assoctiated with the treatments; Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP); and safety by recording of Adverse Events (AEs) and Adverse Devise Effects (ADEs).
IRB No. 14-179-1 (Dr. Rajesh Lalla, PI): Oral Microbiome in Head and Neck Cancer Patients
This research study is about the community of germs that live in the mouth (the oral microbiome) and its relationship to oral complications of radiation therapy such as dryness, mouth sores, tooth loss, cavities, gum disease or poor healing of bone. The purpose of this study is to look at changes in the oral microbiome from before radiation therapy until 18 months after radiation therapy to see if certain characteristics of the oral microbiome relate to mouth problems that may occur after radiation therapy. An optional sub-study is about future genetic testing of saliva samples to look for genes that may affect the risk of oral complications of radiation therapy..
IRB No. 14-221-3 (Dr. Martin Freilich, PI): Two-implant supported maxillary overdentures: Clinical and patient reported outcomes.
PROJECT SUMMARY Maxillary overdentures supported by four implants have clearly shown to be effective and provide improved function as compared to conventional dentures, particularly when alveolar ridges are resorbed and when palate form is shallow. This preliminary, descriptive study aims to prospectively study the efficacy of only 2 implants to support maxillary complete dentures. The specific aims of this study are: 1) To generate an estimate of three-year implant and prosthesis success for two implant-retained maxillary complete denture prostheses; and 2) To better understand patient reported outcomes across time. Upon IRB approval and patient recruitment into the trial using pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria, 20 maxillary edentulous patients will be provided with two implants to support their existing denture. Each patient will receive two dental implants bilaterallly in the maxillary anterior region at the lateral incisor/canine regions. After successful osseointegration, two “Locator” abutments will be inserted over the implants and the patient’s existing denture will be attached to the abutments through a laboratory reline of the denture and thus converted to a two-implant retained maxillary overdenture. Thereafter follow-up exams will be performed and clinical outcomes and patient-reported outcomes will be studied at baseline (conventional complete dentures); 1 week post-insertion of relined maxillary overdenture; 6-months; 1 year post-insertion; 2 years post-insertion; and 3 years post-insertion (all two-implant supported maxillary overdenture). The clinical outcomes will be recorded in a descriptive manner for variables including implant survival, surgical complications, radiographic bone levels, plaque index/bleeding index around the implants, prosthetic complication, wear or loosening of the abutments, replacement of the nylon inserts and other descriptive variables. The patient-reported outcomes will be recorded at follow-up appointments using a visual analog scale (VAS) and a modified oral health impact profile (OHIP-14). Additional follow-ups as required by each patient for any adverse outcomes related to treatment will also be documented. Those variables that allow comparison to conventional denture will be compared using statistical measures. SPECIFIC AIMS This descriptive, patient based study is designed to determine implant survival for dental implants and the success of implant retained complete removable prostheses when only two implants are utilized. It is well known that there is a projected increase in the number of edentulous patients in the United States. It is also known that maxillary edentulism is more common than mandibular edentulism. While the general standard of care for complete tooth replacement in the maxillary arch is the “conventional” complete denture, it is well established that maxillary implant overdenture supported by four implants generally outperforms the conventional denture. The objective of this study is to determine whether placement of a minimal number (2) of implants supporting a maxillary overdenture can result in good implant / prosthesis survival and satisfactory patient satisfaction and quality of life. Positive results from this pilot study can be used to generate hypotheses supporting a larger clinical study that may have an impact in re-defining the minimal intervention necessary for rehabilitation of the edentulous maxilla. We plan to accomplish our objectives by the pursuing the following two specific aims: To generate an estimate of three-year implant and prosthesis success for two-implant retained maxillary complete denture prostheses. The clinical outcomes will be recorded in a descriptive manner for variables including implant survival, surgical complications, radiographic bone levels, plaque index/bleeding index around the im
The purpose of this randomized, controlled, parallel arm clinical research study is to assess the effect of anti-plaque mouth rinses on gum disease. To achieve this goal, the study will compare two mouth rinses with different Cetylpyridnicium Chloride (CPC) dose to a negative control (water). CPC is an antiseptic that kills bacteria in the dental plaque. This study will also be evaluating the effect of dental cleaning in combination with CPC.
IRB No. 16-111-1 (Dr. Efthimia Ioannidou, PI): Novel Paradigm to Improve Inflammatory Burden in ERSD
The study proposes to examine, for the first time in dialysis patients, the short and long-term effect of systemic and repeated oral health interventions on inflammation and clinical oral parameters. The ultimate goal of this proposal is to improve access to oral care and quality of life by implementing continuous and repeated in-center oral health programs in dialysis populations.
IRB No. 14-041HO-1 (Dr. Rajesh Lalla, PI): Clinical Registry of Dental Outcomes in Head and Neck Cancer Patients (ORARAD)
The ORARAD study is a prospective cohort study to document dental and other oral outcomes in patients who receive radiation therapy as part of treatment for a head and neck cancer. Seven hundred and fifty-six participants will be enrolled nationally over a three year period. Of these, 135 will be enrolled at UCHC. All participants will be seen for the study before starting radiation therapy then at six-month intervals for up to two years after the start of radiation therapy. The primary outcome will be the two-year rate of tooth loss after radiation therapy. Secondary outcomes will include measures of dental caries, periodontal health, salivary flow, and exposed bone/osteoradionecrosis.